How to Get Rid of Bugs in House
Bugs, insects, and other pests are really bothersome when they make a home inside your home. These pests can move around by flying, crawling, or jumping from place to place, spreading diseases, leaving droppings, or destroying things around the space as they go. Not only are bugs annoying but they can be a health hazard. That's why we've put together a complete guide on how to get rid of bugs in house or apartment areas whether they're fleas, cockroaches, ants, moths, mosquitos, beetles, bees, earwigs, weevils, ladybugs, termites, ticks, spiders, flies, or other pests.
The first step in learning how to get rid of bugs in house: identification. You can look for evidence that bugs are around the house by keeping an eye out for feces, skin, or the actual bugs. You can figure out what kind of bug infestation you're dealing with by looking at any damage to the house or due to the specific scent of some insects with these tips:
- Look for tiny reddish-brown bugs or tiny black fecal stains on mattresses and bedding; these could be signs of a bed bug infestation.
- Thoroughly vacuum your home, paying special attention to baseboards, corners, and crevices where bugs are usually found. Pay close attention to any bugs the vacuum might have sucked up.
- Examine your home's furniture and other belongings for evidence of pests, such as holes, gnaw marks, and stains.
- Any bug bodies you come across should be collected, put in a plastic bag, and taken to an expert for identification.
Using the Right Resources
After collecting samples or simply observing the pests, you can compare the information you have with the resources online. You can research bug identification guides, content on common house pests, or even consult with an expert to get in-depth detail on a bug's characteristics, habits, and species. For instance, you may come across the following pests and need to know how to get rids of bugs in house:
- Flies: these two-winged, often gray or black insects are called flies. They are drawn to wetness and food.
- Fleas: these tiny, wingless, reddish-brown insects are known to jump from place to place. They're frequently discovered on pets, carpets, and furniture.
- Ants: these insects have a wide range of colors, but are typically brown or black. They are drawn to food and liquids. They can also be discovered building their nests in house floors and walls.
Cockroaches, beetles, moths, and termites are other pests you may have to deal with which is why you need to learn about how to get rid of ants in the kitchen, flies in the bathroom, and bed bugs in the bedroom with different resources or with the help of a professional exterminator.
Reasons Why These Bugs May Be Present in the House
After understanding what type of bug you're dealing with, you can figure out why they're infesting your space. As you learn how to get rid of bugs in house, you'll know that different types of insects are attracted to food, water, certain scents from cleaning supplies and perfume, and messy homes. Other reasons why bugs are in your house could be because of cracks, gaps, fissures in a window, wall, and roof, through an open door, or have simply been carried into your home in a box, piece of luggage, or clothes by accident:
- Food: while most food can attract different pests, the crumb of protein-rich and sweet food items are particularly attractive to pests
- Water: standing water in a space from a leak or clogged sick can be appealing to bugs that need moisture to reproduce and thrive
- Poor sanitation: bugs thrive in unorganized, messy, and dirty homes.
- Cracks, fissures, gaps: poorly sealed entryways, cracks in the window, holes in the roof, or fissures in a wall could be reasons why bugs got in the house.
- Certain scents: some pests could have found their way into your space because of the smell of cleaning products and perfume.
- Entryways: pests could have also wandered into your home through an open door, a window left ajar, on your clothes, or luggage, or hitched a ride on a box or package.
How to Get Rid of Bugs in House
Now that you know what kind of pest you're dealing with and why it may have found its way into your home, you can learn how to get rid of them! We've outlined both natural and chemical methods to get rid of the pests in your personal space effectively.
Removing Bugs From the House Without the Use of Chemicals
How to get rid of bugs in house without spraying chemicals left and right? There are a few ways! You can remove potential water sources as soon as possible, clean up food scraps and crumbs, use essential oils, keep your windows and doors in good condition, vacuum the house frequently, keep outdoor lighting to a minimum, seal entryways properly, put light traps around the house, maintain your garden, or use heat to eliminate pests:
- Remove potential food and water sources: clean up spills, store food away properly, and make sure that there's no still water around the house. This means that you need to know how to unclog a sink or fix leaks so that you can address these issues before the moist environments attract pests.
- Use a natural repellent: mix essential oils (e.g., peppermint, citronella, lavender, and eucalyptus) and herbs to make a DIY repellant, and use it around the house to discourage bugs from staying inside.
- Seal entryways: if you notice any gaps in the flooring, a crack in the window, or holes in the roof, get them fixed and sealed immediately. These potential entryways need to be removed so that insects have no way of finding themselves inside your home. Different sealants, such as caulk or weather stripping, can be used for this.
- Use a vacuum: have a vacuuming routine to get rid of current pests and bug eggs.
- Use heat: you can dry objects at high temperatures with a hair dryer or use a steamer on furniture, clothes, beds, or carpets to destroy insect eggs.
- Buy light traps: light traps are an effective way to capture flying pests (e.g., moths or flies) which you can simply discard of as needed.
- Maintain your doors and windows: let the breeze flow through your windows and doors but keep bugs out with screens. Check on your screen often to patch them up or replace them if they're broken. It's a good idea to keep a patching kit around the house.
- Keep outdoor lighting to a minimum: if possible keep your outdoor lighting limited. Bright lights attract insects! Opt for lights with lower wattage, motion-activated lights, yellow lights, or sodium vapor lights to have a light source that is less likely to attract pests.
- Maintain your garden: after learning how to design a backyard, keep the bugs away by maintaining your trees and shrubs. Keep your trees and shrubs trimmed and kept cut back, away from your house so that bugs and rodents aren't encouraged to make homes in your garden.
Tips for Cleaning Your House to Eliminate Bugs
While you may already know how to get rid of bugs in house by keeping it clean, we have some tips you should remember:
- Thoroughly vacuum your house and pay attention to corners, baseboards, and crevices.
- Empty your vacuum bag or canister immediately so that these bugs can't reinfest your home.
- Don't forget about the furniture! Some homeowners tend to skip checking underneath and behind furniture because it's a bit of a hassle to move around.
- Use a HEPA filter vacuum as much as possible. This type of vacuum is able to trap microscopic particles which means that it'll be easy to clean up eggs and larvae.
- Pay extra attention to your food and storage spaces like cabinets or the panty. These areas are especially attractive to pests of all kinds!
Removing Bugs From the House Using Chemicals
If non-toxic methods don't work, you can learn how to get rid of bugs in house with pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and bait. Whichever chemical method you use, keep the following tips in mind for your own safety:
- Use the right type of chemical repellant for the type of pest you are dealing with.
- Read and follow product instructions to make sure that you are using them correctly and as intended.
- Keep food and water sources away from the areas where you are using pesticides, insecticides, or other chemical solutions.
- Keep children and pests away from the areas where you are using chemical bug removers.
- Wear safety gear! Use a mask and gloves.
- Keep the area well-ventilated. Crack open a window or use a fan to keep the air flowing.
- Only use chemicals as needed and in the recommended dosages.
Chemical solutions should be used only if the natural repellants have failed you. If you are not confident using chemical bug solutions yourself, consult a pest control service immediately.
Preventing Bugs in the House
Preventing a bug infestation is not impossible, you simply need to:
- Remove pests' access to food, water, and breeding grounds by caulking crevices, cracks around vents and pipes, and filling up gaps around windows and doors.
- Prune trees and shrubs regularly.
- Reduce outside lighting as much as possible.
- Maintain the cleanliness of your home and reduce clutter.
- Keeping an eye out for nests and droppings and then cleaning them as soon as possible.
As you learn how to get rid of bugs in house, you should remember these tips so that you don't have to deal with another infestation any time soon.
Bottom Line: How to Get Rid of Bugs in House
In conclusion, learning how to get rid of bugs in house and keeping the prevention tips in mind is the best way to deal with an infestation and make sure you don't deal with another one any time soon. You can eliminate pests in your home with natural methods that include reducing outdoor lighting, routine cleaning, sealing potential entry points, using essential oils, using heat, and trimming your trees and shrubs. Of course, chemical repellants are effective but if you're using insecticides, herbicides, pesticides, fungicides, or bait, you need to follow manufacturer product instructions for your own safety. If all else fails or you are unsure how to proceed at any time, contact expert exterminators to deal with your pest infestation immediately.
FAQs on Getting Rid of Bugs in a House
How can I tell what kind of bug infestation I have in my house?
To learn how to get rid of bugs in house effectively, you can figure out what kind of bug you're dealing with by observing the live bugs, looking at droppings, or observing shed skin. You can also try to figure out where the bugs are coming from to help you get a better idea of what insect you are dealing with.
Are there any resources accessible to help in bug identification?
Yes, there are tons of resources available online with descriptions, videos, and pictures that can help you identify bugs in the house. You can also learn about how to get rid of bugs in house from a pest control professional.
What should I do if I can't tell what kind of bug it is or whether the infestation is bad?
Get in touch with a professional pest control service provider. They're equipped with the skills and information necessary to identify and eliminate bugs.
What factors lead to pest infestations in homes?
Some factors that can encourage an insect infestation are readily available food or water sources, clutter, open windows or doors, cracks in the walls or holes in the roof, as well as pieces of luggage or clothing from a recent trip out of town.
Are there any steps you can take to prevent bug infestations?
Yes, you can prevent bug infestations by:
- Keeping the house clean.
- Sealing off potential entry points.
- Reducing outdoor lighting.
- Storing food away properly.
- Getting rid of still or standing water.
- Pruning trees and shrubs.
What are some natural bug repellents to use inside the home?
Some natural bug repellents you can make can be a spray or diffusion of peppermint, citronella, lavender, or eucalyptus oil.
How can I block off bug access sites in my home?
You can apply essential oils to cracks, fissures, holes, or openings in the wall, floors, windows, or roof to discourage pests from making their way inside your home. Additionally, you can use a sealant like caulk or weather stripping in areas where pests try to enter your home.
How can I keep my screens in good condition so that I can keep bugs out of my home?
If you have door or window screens, make sure that they fit snugly and are sealed properly to keep bugs out. Also, have a patching kit on hand to repair any holes or tears as soon as possible and replace broken screens immediately.
How can I reduce outdoor illumination so that pests don't go inside my house?
Install motion-activated, low-wattage, yellow, or sodium vapor lights to discourage insects from going into your house.
How can I keep my house's trees and shrubs trimmed back from it to keep bugs out?
Regularly trim and prune your trees and shrubs so that the ones that are close to your home do not house pests. By keeping overgrown plants controlled they won't encroach on the house or obstruct windows and doors so bugs are not encouraged to invade the house.
Is it possible to get rid of pests in the house chemically?
Yes, you can purchase chemical bug repellants in home improvement stores. However, it is important to choose the right one for the certain pest you are dealing with and follow instructions for your safety. Otherwise, contact an expert exterminator to chemically get rid of pests.