You've just invested in a wine cooler to store and showcase your wine collection, but you're unsure what temperature it should be set. A wine cooler is a great investment, but if it's not set to the correct temperature, you could be doing more harm than good to your wine collection.
Wine lovers know that it's important to store and serve wine at the right temperature. Not only does this make your wine taste better, but it also helps preserve its flavor. Use this handy guide to determine the ideal storage temperature for your red wines, white wines, and rose wines.
For more information read our article on how cold do wine fridges get and also learn about wine fridge temperature settings.
Wine Storage Basics That You Need Know
Do Not Expose Wine to Harsh Lighting
Wine should be stored in a cool, dark place. Harsh lighting can damage wine and cause it to age prematurely. If you must store your wine in a place that is exposed to light, make sure to wrap the bottles in opaque bags or use a wine cabinet with tinted glass doors. In addition to avoiding ultraviolet rays, select a wine cooler with LED lighting instead of harsh fluorescent lighting.
Humidity is another important factor to consider when storing wine. Too much humidity can cause the labels on your bottles to peel, while too little humidity can cause the corks to dry out, allowing oxygen to enter the bottle and spoiling the wine. The ideal relative humidity for storing wine is 50-70%. If your wine cooler does not have a built-in humidifier, you can purchase a stand-alone humidifier to maintain the ideal level of humidity inside the unit. You should also learn how to lower humidity in your wine cooler so it doesn't go beyond the recommended range.
Vibrations can cause the wine to become agitated and can disrupt the sediment in older bottles of wine, so it is important to choose a wine cooler that runs quietly and smoothly. If possible, look for a unit with vibration-dampening features to minimize the risk of jarring your bottles.
Store Wines Horizontally
Storing wine bottles horizontally helps keep the cork moist and prevents it from drying. If you're ready to drink the wine in a couple of days, storing your wines horizontally doesn't matter. If you also have some other variation of the cork-like plastic or rubber one, you don't need to store it horizontally.
Keep Your Wine Cool But Not Too Cool
The ideal temperature for wine storage is between 50 and 59 degrees Fahrenheit. If your wine cooler is set too cold, it can cause the wine to taste dull. If it's set too warm, on the other hand, the wine may spoil or develop cooked off-flavors.
Make Sure There are No Drastic Temperature Changes
You should also try to avoid storing your wine in a place where the temperature fluctuates too much. These sudden temperature changes can cause the wine to spoil or develop off-flavors. However, note that all wine bottles have to experience terrible temperature swings during the transportation from the winery to the store. This doesn't affect the taste or any other properties, but you should still ensure you maintain the best temperature for your wine cooler to be on the safe side.
Consider Compressor Coolers versus Thermoelectric Coolers
When looking for a wine cooler, you'll also have to decide between compressor coolers and thermoelectric coolers. Compressor coolers use a Freon-based refrigeration system similar to the one found in your kitchen fridge. These units are generally more expensive than thermoelectric coolers, but they're also more powerful and cool faster and more evenly.
On the other hand, thermoelectric coolers use semiconductor chips to create a temperature difference between the inside and outside of the wine cooler. These units are usually less expensive than compressor models, but they're not as powerful and don't cool quickly or evenly.
Consider Wine Cooler Models
Coolers are available in single zone models and dual zone models for wine storage. Single zone models are more economical, so if you're a beginner and looking for the best wine coolers and fridges, this is the best bet.
If you're looking for both long-term storage and short-term storage and service temperatures in the same device, then dual zone wine coolers are the best. With dual zone coolers, you can independently adjust the temperatures of two separate storage areas.
The Ideal Wine Refrigerator Temperature
What is the ideal temperature for your wine fridge? Well, is it to store your wine collection or keep your wine at serving temperature? Here are some of the options and recommended wine fridge temperatures:
Single Zone Wine Fridge Temperature Settings
A single zone wine fridge can only keep all of the wine at one set temperature. Pick the temperature, and all the wine inside will be stored at that temperature.
The average recommended wine fridge temperature for long-term storage is between 50°F and 55°F. This range will keep the wine at a consistent temperature and prevent it from aging too quickly. The ideal temperature for a single zone wine fridge is 53.6 degrees Fahrenheit and 57.2 degrees Fahrenheit.
This is the ideal storage temperature for all wines, and from this point, it's easy to either chill or warms up the bottle, depending on the type you enjoy. If you want to store your wine collection at serving temperatures, you should aim for a range between 45°F and 65°F. This will allow you to store both reds and whites in the same fridge and have them ready to serve at a moment’s notice.
Dual Zone Wine Fridge Temperature Settings
A dual zone wine fridge has two compartments that can be set to different temperatures. This allows you to store in the wine fridge red and white to function at their ideal temperatures. For red wine, you'll want the temperature to be set between 55°F and 65°F. For white wine, the ideal storage temperature is between 45°F and 55°F. This allows
If you're unsure what temperature to set your wine fridge to, it's always best to err on caution and go for a cooler setting. You can always adjust the temperature if you find that your wines are not being stored at their ideal temperatures.
Settings for White Wines
If you enjoy white wines, you'll want to set your wine fridge to a temperature between 45°F and 55°F. This range will help to keep your white wines at their best. You'll want to avoid storing them at temperatures that are too warm or too cold, as this can cause the wines to spoil.
Settings for Red Wines
If you enjoy red wines, you'll want to set your wine fridge to a temperature between 55°F and 65°F. This range will help to keep your red wines at their best. You'll want to avoid storing them at temperatures that are too warm or too cold, as this can cause the wines to spoil.
Here is a compact table for red and white wines:
- Madeira, Vintage Port 66.2 degrees Fahrenheit
- Shiraz, Bordeaux 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit
- Cabernet, Red Burgundy 62.6 degrees Fahrenheit
- Pinot Noir, Rioja 60.8 degrees Fahrenheit
- Full Bodied Whites wines White Zinfandel 59 degrees Fahrenheit
- Sparkling wines and dessert wines are 44.6 degrees Fahrenheit
- Pinot Gris 45 degrees Fahrenheit
- Sauvignon blanc 45 degrees Fahrenheit
- Pinot noir 55 degrees Fahrenheit
FAQs on What Temperature Should My Wine Cooler Be
How cold should a wine cooler be?
There is no one answer to this question because the ideal wine storage temperature depends on the type of wine you are storing. For example, red wines should be stored at a temperature between 55 and 58 degrees Fahrenheit, while white wines should be stored at a temperature between 45 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Why is the temperature rising in my wine cooler?
There are several reasons why the temperature in your wine cooler might be rising. One possibility is that the coolant level in the unit is low. Another possibility is that the door seal is not tight, allowing warm air to enter the unit. Finally, the unit might be placed in an area of your home that is too warm.
What is the normal temperature for a wine cooler?
The normal temperature for a wine cooler is between 45 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. However, you should consult your owner's manual for the specific temperature range for your unit.
Final Thought on What Temperature Should My Wine Cooler Be
The topic of wine cooler storage is very popular, and it can get confusing. The degree spectrum is the same whether you're using a wine cellar, a wine cooler, or a wine refrigerator. Now that you know what temperature my wine cooler should be, you can make sure your wines are being stored at the perfect temperature.